Revisiting the discussion on agile retrospectives, it is recognized by some as the single most effective practice/ ceremony of Agile. This could be because this exercise:
- Brings the team together
- The team inspects what it has been doing
- The team tries to adapt for better results
On a score of 04 based on Agile Manifesto, Agile Retrospectives would score a 02. They are about individuals and interactions and help the team respond to change. In addition, Agile Retrospectives help the team focus on 02 other principles of the Agile Manifesto : Customer Collaboration and Working Software.
There are various approaches in conducting Agile Retrospectives. One of the most common approach that is advocated by many coaches is “Start, Stop, Continue”. A very simple approach, this type of retrospective is usually conducted as follows:
1. All team members make 3 lists – what is working well and they should Continue doing, what is not working well and should be stopped, and what is something that can be explored/ Started.
2. One-by-one everyone adds their points to a central whiteboard/ list. They can do a plus 1 if what they want is already on the list.
3. After everyone has completed this, the team picks up the items with most “plus 1”.
4. They commit to “some” or “all” items in the 03 lists – Start List, Stop List, Continue List.
5. In the next retrospective, they go back to this list and evaluate how they have done [this can be done in a variety of ways too – everyone votes on whether they were successful in implementing something or not and after this a new Start, Stop, Continue List is drawn].
6. Some people like to keep it mechanical – vote and decide. Others like a lot of brainstorming, discussions and debates. Its useful to have debate on what you are planning to do. The only downside of debates in retrospectives is that more powerful or vociferous attendees may overpower others. Hence, the Scrum Master has to be really good.
This is a relatively simple approach and helps the team inspect and adapt continuously.
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